Chapter 1 Verse1


nārāyaṇaṃ namaskṛutya naraṃ caiva narottamam |
devīṃ sarasvatīṃ vyasam tato jayam udīrayet ||
Having Bowed to the great god, Nārāyana, verily the best among men,  the deity Sarasvati, and the great Vyasa thus victory is obtained (procured)

This chapter sets the scene for the Bhagavad Gita. The Father of the Kauravās Dhritarāśhtra asks Sañjaya, his minister. The minister, Sañjaya, is blessed with divine vision which allows him to see the blessed (Dharmakshetra) land of Kurukshetra where the battle of the titans is about to begin:

dhṛitarāśhtra uvācha
dharma-kṣhetre kuru-kṣhetre samavetā yuyutsavaḥ
māmakāḥ pāṇḍavāśhchaiva kimakurvata sañjaya

dharma-kṣhetre (GTP: Masc. Singl. Loc.): In the land of Dharma
kuru-kṣhetre (GTP: Masc. Singl. Loc.): the land of Kuru
samavetā (Masc. Pl. Nom.) assembled
yuyutsavaḥ (Masc. Pl. Nom) Desirous of war
māmakāḥ (GTP: māmaKāḥ Mas. Pl. Nom) My Men
pandavāḥ (Masc. Pl. Nom) Pandavas
cha (indec) and
eva (indec) verily
kim (indec) What
akurvata  (3rd, Pl. imperft. Presnt. Cls 8. √Kr) To Do
sañjaya (Masc. Sing. Voc) Oh! Sañjaya

Oh Sañjaya, In the blessed land of Kurukshetra, assembled and desirous for war my men and the pandavas, what did they do?

The blind king dhṛitarāśhtra, was blind spiritually as he was effectively. This evil, sinister beast hid his envy outwardly in front of the public while harbouring resentment and hatred for the children of his brother the Pandavās. Knowing fully well that the Pandāvas are soft hearted, and quick to forgive and forget, he makes his way to the Pandāva camp and begs the five brothers to not engage in war, a few days before the onset of the brutal battle. However, after multitudes of abuse, which included the attempted public humiliation of their co-wife, stealing of their lands and cattle and not to mention various threats to their lives, four of the five brothers were transfixed and had no questions about war. It was inevitable, however, Ārjuna, the foremost of the warriors had a small inkling in favour of the blind king. The blind king, thinking that the Pandavās would’ve reconsidered the war necessity made his way back to the Kingdom of Hastināpura. A few days later, he asks of its outcome to Sañjaya and here we see his reply, and the beginning the greatest philosophical marvels ever written in history.




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